23-24 December 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
An interview with T. Soomere to the national TV channel ETV about the impact of autumn storm Berit on the coasts of Saaremaa and on the potential reaction of the Estonian sedimentary coasts on changes to wind climate in the Baltic Sea basin; broadcast as a part of news about science within the major news program “Aktuaalne Kaamera” 23.12.2011; repeated as a part of news in several radio channels on 24.12.2011.
21 December 2011, SEMINAR OUTSIDE INSTITUTE OF CYBERNETICS
I.Didenkulova gave a seminar presentation “Rogue waves in the sea and at the coast” at the Norwegian Meteorological Institute (Bergen, Norway).
20 December 2011, PUBLIC PRESENTATION
Public presentation of the edited popular science volume “Science in Estonia (VII): Sea. Lakes. Coast” (T.Soomere and T.Nõges, Eds.) in the Estonian Academy of Sciences.
18 December 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
Introduction and comments by T.Soomere to the documentary “Earth under water”; broadcast in the national TV channel ETV2 on 18.12.2011 and 21.12.2011.
18 December 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
An 1-hour interview with T.Soomere and T. Nõges; Editors of the collection “Science in Estonia (VII): Sea. Lakes. Coast” in the broadcast “Kukkuv Õun” of Kuku Raadio about the basic features and messages of this collection.
30 November 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
Madis Filippov, Soomere: Berit oli üllatavalt tugev torm (The Berit storm was surprisingly strong, Soomere says), reflects comments of T.Soomere about new wave height records set by the autumn storm Berit in the North Sea, Postimees 279(6361), 30.11.2011, p. 7.
29 November 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
Madis Filippov, Torm Berit üllatas tugevusega mereteadlastki (The Berit storm was surprisingly strong), reflects longer comments of T.Soomere about new wave height records set by the autumn storm Berit in the North Sea, Postimees Online 29.11.2011 at 16:58
29 November 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
A longer live-on-air interview with T.Soomere in Kuku Raadio about specific features and impact of autumn storm “Berit” on 24-28 November in the North Sea and Scandinavia; 8:15-8:30.
12-13 November 2011, CONFERENCE
The Wave Engineering Laboratory team presented the following lectures to the fall seminar of the Institute of Cybernetics on 12.11.2011: “Introduction of Wave Engineering Laboratory” (T. Soomere), “The Baltic Way Project – Experiences and Results” (E. Quak), “Compressibility of the surface currents created by nonlinear waves” (A. Giudici), “Transformation of strongly nonlinear wave on shallow water” (A.Rodin) and “Sediment transport patterns along the eastern Baltic Sea coast” (M. Viška).
11 November 2011, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
I. Zaitseva-Pärnaste presented a seminar “Long-term variations of wind waves in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea”.
11 November 2011, DISTINCTION
At distribution of 2011 Estonian Science Communication Awards Tarmo Soomere got the title of the best scientist (journalist or teacher), that communicates science and technology for explaining actual problems of marine physics in popular-scientific papers and at public appearances.
11 November 2011, SCIENCE POLICY
T. Soomere participated in the joint meeting of the European Academies Scientific Advisory Council (EASAC) Environment Steering Panel and Energy Steering Panel (Brussels, Belgium).
08 November 2011, DISTINCTION
Master thesis of Olga Tribštok “Comparison of wave regimes along Estonian and Lithuanian coasts” (supervisor T. Soomere) won a prize at Estonian Academy’s of Sciences student research award competition.
08 November 2011, CONFERENCE
O. Tribštok participated in the students’ conference in the Estonian Academy of Sciences with the oral presentation “Comparison of wave regimes along Estonian and Lithuanian coasts.”
07-11 November 2011, CONFERENCE
I.Didenkulova and T.Soomere participated in the conference “Rogue Waves 2011″ (Dresden, Germany) with invited oral presentations “Rogue waves in the nearshore region” and “Rogue waves in shallow water and nearshore effects.”
28 October 2011, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
M. Viška presented a seminar “Patterns of Sediment Transport Along the Eastern Baltic Sea Coast”.
27 October 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
Madis Filippov, Nord Streami mõjudest rääkimine tõi auhinna, Postimees (Talking about impacts of the Nord Stream pipeline brought a distinction), 250(6332) 27.10.2011; reflects the special mention of the BONUS BalticWay team in the BONUS+ Award 2011 competition for the best public engagement activity or product; also Postimees Online 26.10.2011 on 14:56; the news broadcast in many radio channels in the morning of 27.10.
27 October 2011, SEMINAR OUTSIDE INSTITUTE OF CYBERNETICS
I. Didenkulova gave a seminar presentation “Long wave runup on a beach: analytical approach” at Department of Mathematics, University of Bergen (Bergen, Norway).
25-27 October 2011, CONFERENCE
T.Soomere participated in the conference “The Future of Operational Oceanography” (Hamburg, Germany) with the oral presentation “Towards the use of currents in environmentally safer management of maritime activities” about developments within the BONUS BalticWay project.
24 October 2011, DISTINCTION
The BalticWay team (coordinated by T.Soomere) reached a special mention in the BONUS+ Award 2011 competition for the best public engagement activity or product, for outstanding public engagement effort and high level key stakeholder involvement related to the topic of the environmental impact assessment of the Nord Stream pipeline.
24 October 2011, SCIENCE POLICY FORUM AND CONFERENCE
T.Soomere participated in the BONUS Forum (Gdansk, Poland) with the oral presentation “The use of currents for environmental management of the maritime industry” about developments within the BONUS BalticWay project.
21 October 2011, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
A. Räämet presented a seminar “Spatial variations in the wave climate change in the Baltic Sea”.
14 October 2011, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
M. Viidebaum presented a seminar “Drifters”.
13-14 October 2011, SCIENCE POLICY
T.Soomere participated in the fall Plenary Meeting of the European Science Foundation Marine Board (Madrid, Spain).
07 October 2011, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
B. Viikmäe presented a seminar “Techniques and Methods for Optimizing Fairways for Environmental Management in the Baltic Sea”.
4-6 October 2011, WORKSHOP
I. Didenkulova participated in the “Extreme Seas” workshop (Geneva, Switzerland) with an invited talk “Rogue Waves in Shallow Water” (05.10.11).
29 September 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
Madis Filippov, Eksperdid kritiseerivad Nord Streami seirearuannet (Experts comment the Nord Stream monitoring report), Postimees 226(6308), 29.09.2011, p. 6; reflects the status of the Nord Stream monitoring activities in Finnish waters; mostly based on comments of T. Soomere and I. Puura.
18-20 September 2011, INTERNATIONAL SUMMMER SCHOOL
The BalticWay team of the Wave Engineering Laboratory organised the international summer school “Preventive methods for coastal protection” jointly with the Geophysical Sciences department of Klaipeda University in Klaipeda on 18–20 September 2011.
The school was dedicated to novel methods for coastal protection and maritime spatial planning developed within the BalticWay project. The focus was on techniques that use the intrinsic dynamics of ocean currents for the management of environmental risks in the context of the ever increasing human impact on various vulnerable sea areas. Particular treatment was given to the risks associated with potential oil pollution from ship traffic or oil platforms. The ever increasing potential of such risks calls for out-of-the box thinking towards safe management of the maritime activities and mitigating the impact of the associated risks on vulnerable areas.
T.Soomere, E.Quak and T.Torsvik gave lectures to the summer school and B.Viikmäe, M.Viška, A.Giudici, K.Pindsoo, K.Kartau, M.Zujev, A.Rodin participated as students.
14 September 2011, LECTURES OUTSIDE INSTITUTE OF CYBERNETICS
T. Soomere and M.Viška presented the lectures “Spatio-temporal patterns in the Baltic Sea wave climate” and “Patterns of sediment transport along the Eastern Baltic Sea coast” to Dept. of Data Analysis and Data Assimilation of the Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht.
13 September 2011, LECTURE OUTSIDE INSTITUTE OF CYBERNETICS
T. Soomere presented the lecture “The smart use of currents for environmental management of offshore activities” about the results of the BalticWay activities to the Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht.
12 September 2011, CONFERENCE
T. Soomere participated the FuturICT session of the European Conference on Complex Systems ECCS’11, Vienna
11 September 2011, SCIENCE POLICY
T.Soomere participated in the meeting of national coordinators of the FuturICT flagship, Vienna.
05-09 September 2011, CONFERENCE
A. Giudici participated in the International Association for Mathematical Geosciences (IAMG) conference „Mathematical Geosciencs at the Crossroads of Theory and Practice”, Salzburg, Austria, September 5–9, 2011.
22-26 August 2011, CONFERENCE
The Baltic Sea Science Congress (BSSC) is the major forum for the marine science in the Baltic Sea region. The 8th BSSC took place in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on 22–26, August 2011.
Tarmo Soomere and Ira Didenkulova were conviners and chairs of the thematic session “Interplay of physical, biological and geological processes in various spatial and temporal scales” (23-24.08).
The Wave Engineering Laboratory team presented total 15 papers to three different sessions of this meeting:
plenary lecture “Towards the use of currents for environmental management of vulnerable sea areas” (23.08, T. Soomere);
oral presentations: “Optimizing fairways to reduce environmental risks in the Baltic Sea” (23.08, B. Viikmäe, T. Soomere, N. Delpeche-Ellmann); “Patterns of sediment transport along the Latvian and Estonian coasts along the Baltic Proper and the Gulf of Riga” (23.08, M. Viška, T. Soomere, K. Kartau, A. Räämet); “Dispersion properties of surface currents in the Gulf of Finland” (23.08, M. Viidebaum, J. Kalda, T. Soomere); “Change of the beach profile under the joint effect of ship and wind waves” (23.08, I. Didenkulova, M. Viška, D. Kurennoy); “Decadal changes in significant wave height in the Baltic Sea” (23.08, A. Räämet, T. Soomere); “Freak waves in the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea” (23.08, I. Didenkulova), “Decadal variations of wave-driven sediment transport processes in the Gulf of Riga” (23.08, K. Kartau, M. Viška, T. Soomere), “Environmentally safe fairways over fields generated by Lagrangian particles statistics: an application to the Gulf of Finland” (23.08, O. Andrejev, T. Soomere, A. Sokolov, K. Myrberg); “Compressibility of sea surface created by 3D current field” (23.08, A. Giudici, J. Kalda), and walk-in presentation “Marine science in research for alternative energy sources” (24.08, T. Soomere);
poster presentations: “Transformation of large-amplitude nonlinear wave in shallow water” (A. Rodin, E. Pelinovsky); “Life-time estimates for weak-amplitude freak waves caused by the dispersive focusing mechanism” (E. Shurgalina, E. Pelinovsky, I. Didenkulova), “Distribution, vertical structure and seasonal variability of horizontal currents near the Curonian Spit in southeastern Baltic Sea in 2010″ (O. Kurkina, A. Kurkin, D. Dorokhov, V. Gorbatsky, E. Morozov, A. Pankratov) and “The role of abiotic factors on spatial distripnbsp;„FuturICT teams and challenges for Estonia”bution of dominant zoobenthic species in the northwestern coastal sea of Estonia” (N. Kolesova, A. Kask, V. Alari, U. Raudsepp).
18 August 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
A line-on-air interview by phone with T. Soomere to Kuku Radio about the course and consequences of the oil spill at the Gannet Alpha platform in the North Sea.
16 August 2011, LECTURE OUTSIDE INSTITUTE OF CYBERNETICS
T. Soomere presented the lecture “The use of currents for environmental management of offshore activities” about the results of the BalticWay activities to the Institute for the Baltic Sea Research (Institut für Ostseeforschung, Warnemünde).
11 July 2011, PhD EXAMINATION
T. Soomere participated in the PhD examination of Irina Nikolkina, University of Antilles and Guayane, Point-a-Pitre, Guadeloupe, 11 July 2011, as a member of the examination committee.
28 June-07 July 2011, CONFERENCE
I.Didenkulova participated in the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) General Assembly 2011 with two oral presentations “Abnormal amplification of tsunami waves at special bottom geometries” (presented by I.Didenkulova) and “Analytical tests in the theory of tsunami wave generation by submarine landslides in a basin of variable depth” (presented by E.Pelinovsky) and a poster presentations “Nonlinear dispersive properties of hazardous waves in the coastal zone”.
28 June 2011, SCIENCE POLICY
T. Soomere participated in the Meeting of national coordinators of the FuturICT Flagship, Zürich.
27-29 June 2011, CONFERENCE
T. Soomere participated in the Annual meeting of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Berlin.
21 June 2011, SCIENCE POLICY CONFERENCE, EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
T.Soomere participated in the conference “Climate, renewable energy and sustainable development: The new geo-energy” organized by the Group of Conservatives and Reformists in the premises of the European Parliament (ASP 7 H 1), Brussels, 21 June 2011, with the invited oral presentation “Marine science in research for alternative energy sources”
18 June-17 September 2011, Two Wave Engineering Laboratory SCIENTISTS VISITING GERMANY
T.Soomere and M.Viška visited the Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany, supported by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.
16 June 2011, KICK-OFF MEETING
T.Soomere participated in the kick-off meeting of the network “FuturICT’s Interconnected Observatories of Society for a Resilient and Sustainable Future”, KTH Zürich.
15 June 2011, FORUM
T.Soomere participated in the BONUS Forum of Project Coordinators’ meeting (Academy of Finland, Helsinki).
06-09 June 2011, CONFERENCE
B.Viikmäe participated in the 3rd International Workshop on Modeling the Ocean (Qingdao, China) with an oral presentation “Optimizing Fairways for Environmental Management in the Baltic Sea” (09.06.2011).
26 May 2011, PUBLIC LECTURE OUTSIDE INSTITUTE OF CYBERNETICS
T. Soomere presented the public lecture “The possibilities of contemporary marine s nbsp;cience for understanding and protection of Estonian coasts” to the Estonian Naturalists’ Society (Tartu).
10-11 May 2011, SCIENCE POLICY EVENT ORGANISED IN TALLINN
T.Soomere was the chief organiser of the spring Plenary Meeting of the European Science Foundation Marine Board in the premises of the Estonian Academy of Sciences.
09-13 May 2011, CONFERENCE
I.Didenkulova, K.Kartau, T.Soomere, A.Räämet and B.Viikmäe participated in the 11th International Coastal Symposium (Szczecin, Poland) with seven oral presentations:
I. Didenkulova, E. Pelinovsky, T. Soomere, K.E. Parnell “Beach profile change caused by ship wakes and wind waves in Tallinn Bay, the Baltic Sea,”
Kartau K., Soomere T., Tõnisson H. “Quantification of sediment loss from semi-sheltered beaches: a case study for Valgerand Beach, Pärnu Bay, the Baltic Sea,”
D.Kurennoy, K.E.Parnell, T. Soomere “Fast-ferry Generated Waves in South-West Tallinn Bay,”
Zaitseva-Pärnaste I., Soomere T., Tribštok O. “Spatial variations in the wave climate change in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea,”
Räämet A., Soomere T. “Spatial variations in the wave climate change in the Baltic Sea,”
Soomere, T., Andrejev, O., Sokolov, A., Quak, E. “Management of coastal pollution by means of smart placement of human activities,”
Viikmäe, B., Soomere, T., Parnell, K.E., Delpeche, N. “Spatial planning of shipping and offshore activities in the Baltic Sea using Lagrangian trajectories”
and one poster presentation: Kurkina O., Pelinovsky E., Talipova T., Soomere T. “Mapping the internal wave field in the Baltic Sea in the context of sediment transport in shallow water.”
19 April 2011, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
>I. Nikolkina presented a seminar “Rogue waves 2006-2010″.
16 April 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
A longer TV broadcast about coastal and wave science in the Wave Engineering Laboratory in the series “Püramiidi tipus” (At the top of the pyramide of science), broadcast by the national TV channel ETV; repeated on 17 and 20 April.
11-13 April 2011, CONFERENCE ORGANISED IN PALERMO
The BalticWay team (T.Soomere, E.Quak, B.Viikmäe, M.Viidebaum, A.Giudici) organised the second BalticWay Annual Meeting in Excelsior Hotel, Palermo, Italy. The event started with a technical meeting, followed by a two-day scientific conference “The smart use of marine currents for environmental management” and ended with a planning meeting of a potential follow-up of a new BONUS project. The following lecture were presented to the conference: T. Soomere “Basic steps of the technology for fairway optimization”, B. Viikmäe “Equiprobability lines in the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Proper” and M. Viidebaum “Experiments with surface drifters in the Gulf of Finland.”
04 April 2011, LECTURE OUTSIDE INSTITUTE OF CYBERNETICS
T. Soomere presented the lecture “New aspects of the meaning of extreme waves in maritime engineering design” in University of Palermo.
03-08 April 2011, CONFERENCE
I.Didenkulova, I.Nikolkina and A.Rodin participated in the EGU General Assembly 2011 (Vienna, Austria) with three oral presentations:
“Nonlinear wave evolution and runup in inclined channels” (I.Didenkulova, E.Pelinovsky),
“Freak waves in the coastal zone of the Baltic Sea” (I.Didenkulova) and
“Tsunami waves generated by submarine landslides of variable volume” (I.Didenkulova, I.Nikolkina, E.Pelinovsky, N.Zahibo)
and nine poster presentations:
“Abnormal amplification of tsunami waves at special bottom geometries” (I.Didenkulova, E.Pelinovsky),
“Freak waves in the field of the nonlinear non-dispersive shallow-water waves” (E.Pelinovsky, I.Didenkulova),
“Freak waves in 2006-2010″ (I.Didenkulova, I.Nikolkina),
“Long wave interaction with the sea wall in a basin of variable depth” (I.Didenkulova, E.Pelinovsky),
“Runup of landslide-generated waves” (I.Nikolkina, I.Didenkulova, E.Pelinovsky, N.Zahibo),
“Statistical characteristics of the non-linear run-up measured in a wave flume” (P.Denissenko, I.Didenkulova, J.Pearson, E.Pelinovsky),
“Beach response on the interplay of two wave systems: ship wakes and winds waves” (I.Didenkulova, E.Pelinovsky, T.Soomere, K.Parnell, M.Viška),
“Psychological characteristics of human behaviour at a roque-wave event” (N.Chaykovskaya, A.Rodin),
“Large-amplitude simple and shock waves in shallow water” (A.Rodin, E.Pelinovsky).
Ira Didenkulova was also a conviner and a chair of two sessions
NH5.1 “New developments in tsunami science and in mitigation of tsunami risk, including early warning” (07.04) and
NH5.3/NP7.3/OS2.5 “Nonlinear Dynamics of the Coastal Zone” (06.04).
29 March 2010, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
K. Kartau presented a seminar “Quantification of sediment loss from semi-sheltered beaches: a case study of Valgerand Beach, Pärnu Bay, the Baltic Sea”.
21-23 March 2011, SCIENCE POLICY CONFERENCE
T. Soomere presented the lecture “A future technology of environmental management for the Gulf of Finland” to the international symposion „Baltic Sea Day” (Saint Petersburg, 21–23.03.2011), at the round-table session “Risks of maritime transportation and the need for response capacities” (22.03.2011).
16-18 March 2011, CONFERENCE
B.Viikmäe participated in the International Conference on Fundamentals, Experiments, Numeric and Applications “Particles in turbulence” (University of Potsdam, Germany) with the oral presentation “Technology for finding optimum fairways for environmental management in the Baltic Sea”.
11 March 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
An live-in-air interview with T. Soomere to the national TV channel ETV about the major features of the Sendai (Tohoku) earthquake; broadcast as a part of special issue of the major news program “Aktuaalne Kaamera” (21:00)
11 March 2011,MEDIA OUTREACH
An interview with T. Soomere to the national TV channel ETV about specific features of the Sendai (Tohoku) earthquake; broadcast as a part of the major evening news program “Aktuaalne Kaamera” (17:00)
11 March 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
A longer live-in-air interview with T. Soomere to the major radio channel Kuku Raadio about first news concerning the Sendai (Tohoku) earthquake (16:00-16:30)
11 March 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
An interview by phone with T. Soomere to the national radio channel Vikerraadio about breaking news about the Sendai (Tohoku) earthquake (12:00 local time)
82 March 2010, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
A. Rodin presented a seminar “Deformation of strongly nonlinear wave on shallow water”.
02 March 2010, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
M. Berezovski presented a seminar “Numerical methods”.
22 February 2011, SCIENCE AND POLICY: CONFERENCE
T. Soomere presented the plenary lecture “Nord Stream as a challenge and mirror for the Baltic Sea marine science” to the conference “Building of the Nord Stream pipeline – consequences and potential hazards of the project” organised by the European Conservatives and Reformist’s Group (Szczecin, Radisson Blue Hotel, 22.02.2011).
19 February 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
An interview with T. Soomere to the national TV channel ETV about patterns of climate changes in the Baltic Sea region; broadcast as a part of news about science within the major news program “Aktuaalne Kaamera.”
18 February 2011, ABOUT US
The Estonian weekly “Õpetajate Leht” (Teachers Weekly) published a full page interview with T. Soomere “Tervik on suurem kui osade summa” (K.Kello, The whole is larger than the sum of counterparts, Õpetajate Leht, 7 (18.02.2011), p.7,) focusing on the quality problems of higher education and PhD studies, accompaninbsp;http://www.opleht.ee/?archive_mode=articleed with a column “Akadeemiline hulkurlus ja ülikoolide edetabel” (K.Kello, Academic vagabondism and ranking list of universities” (ibid., ).
08 February 2011, SEMINAR OF THE WAVE ENGINEERING LABORATORY
M. Viška presented a seminar “Usage of LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) technology and transect line method in the research of geological processes of Latvian sea-coast”.
02-03 February 2011, CONFERENCE
T. Soomere, K. Kartau and M. Viška participated in the conference and planning meeting of the Baltic Assessment Network (ACoast, Assessment of coastal observing systems in the Baltic Sea)in Lauenburg, Germany. T.Soomere presented the oral presentation “Wind wave climatology on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea” (02.02).
26 January 2011, VISIT OF GERMAN AMBASSADOR
German Ambassador dr. Martin Hanz, accompanied by dr. Sabine Feyertag and mrs. Aili Rehbein, visited the Institute of Cybernetics in response to the invitation by four Humboldtians working in the institute (A.v.Humboldt research awardee J.Engelbrecht, fellow T.Soomere and Feodor Lynen fellows H.Herrmann and E.Quak).
The visit started from a miniseminar with presentations by Andrus Salupere, Jüri Engelbrecht, Varmo Vene, Marko Vendelin, Ira Didenkulova and Heiko Herrmann reflecting the policy of the Institute of Cybernetics and the Center for Non-linear Studies, and a selection of hot research topics in the institute. The Ambassador also visited the laboratory of photoelasticity, laboratory of systems biology, laboratory of fonetics and the Wave Engineering laboratory and participated in a discussion meeting.
24 January 2011, PUBLIC LECTURE OUTSIDE INSTITUTE OF CYBERNETICS
T. Soomere presented the lecture “Contribution of marine science to the protection of Estonian coasts” National Library, Tallinn (24.01)
14 January 2011, PUBLIC LECTURE OUTSIDE INSTITUTE OF CYBERNETICS
T. Soomere presented the lecture “New possibilities for handling marine coastal hazards,” Hotel Palmse, Palmse, Estonia (14.01)
01 January 2011, MEDIA OUTREACH
A longer interview with T. Soomere about progress in Estonian marine science and related policy: the role of Estonian marine scientists has considerably increased during the last years; broadcast twice by Kuku Raadio in Marine Hour.